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详解北京汽车年报:净利润大跌65% 自主品牌销量跌46%
2018-08-21 19:07 新浪港股
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  新浪港股讯 3月22日晚间,北京汽车发布了2017年财报。财报显示,2017年,北京汽车归属于母公司所有者的净利润22.52亿元,同比大跌64.62%。整车销量146.6万辆,同比下降24%,其中北京汽车自主品牌(北京品牌)销量大跌48.4%,收入仅占整个公司的13%。

  2017年股东应占净利大跌65%,外币汇兑损失13亿

  2017年,北京汽车实现收入1341.59亿元,同比增加15.46%,主要因为北京奔驰销售收入的增加;毛利354.99亿元,同比增加35.33%,主要是北京奔驰毛利增加所致;利润109.98亿元,同比减少4.66%;权益持有人应占净利润22.53亿元,同比减少64.62%。

  收入、毛利增加,利润却减少,主因是期内公司各项费用增加。北京汽车年报显示,期内公司的销售成本增加9.7%至986.6亿,分销费用增加12.4%至119亿,行政费用增加16.5%至50亿。

  不过,公司的财务费用同比降低4.3%至4.5亿。公司称主因是财务收益增加幅度大于财务费用增加幅度带来财务费用净额下降及财务费用净额下降但收入增长导致财务费用净额占收入百分比下降。

  值得注意的是,2017年,北京汽车的外币汇兑损失由8560万元大幅增加至13.66亿元。北京汽车称,公司使用以欧元为主的外币支付部份进口零部件货款,并保有外币借款。外币汇兑损失增加主要是由于人民币对欧元汇率下降导致应以欧元支付的款项产生汇兑损失。

  至于权益持有人应占净利润仅有22.53亿元,同比减少64.62%北京汽车称因为2017年共录得投资损失人民币33.8百万元,同比减利人民币4,250.5百万元,主要原因为北京现代及相关配套企业受国内乘用车行业竞争加剧、韩系车市场整体低迷等影响而利润下降。

  北京奔驰保持增长,北京品牌销量大跌48%

  公告称,与北京奔驰相关的收入由853.12亿元增至1167.73亿元,同比增长36.9%,主要由于,北京奔驰销量同比增加33.3%;及售价相对较高的车型销量占比进一步提升。而与北京品牌相关的收入由308.87亿元减至173.86亿元,同比下降43.7%。

  回顾年度,与北京奔驰相关的收入由853.12亿元增至1167.73亿元,同比增长36.9%,主要由于,北京奔驰销量同比增加33.3%;及售价相对较高的车型销量占比进一步提升。

  而与北京品牌相关的收入由308.87亿元减至173.86亿元,同比下降43.7%,主要由于,北京品牌销量同比下降48.4%;为应对国内乘用车行业增速放缓、车辆购置税优惠政策调整等影响而向市场提供额外促销;及售价较高的E+S(新能源+SUV车型)产品销量占比提升抵消了部分销量下降的影响。

  2017年度,面对复杂的行业竞争局面,集团四个业务板块合计实现整车销售146.6万辆,同比下降24.0%。四大业务分部表现各异:北京品牌和北京现代遭遇挑战,销售业绩下滑;北京奔驰和福建奔驰保持良好的发展势头,特别是北京奔驰依然延续快速增长态势。

  北京品牌经受多重考验、业绩承压,全年实现乘用车实现销售23.6万辆,同比下降48.4%;其中,绅宝系列实现销售8.6万辆、同比下降57.2%,北京系列实现销售4.0万辆、同比增长45.3%,威旺系列实现销售8.6万辆、同比减少52.0%,新能源乘用车实现销售2.3万辆、同比减少52.0%。

  北京奔驰延续高速增长,实现整车销售42.3万辆,同比增长33.3%,增速稳居合资豪华品牌前列。北京奔驰产品在梅赛德斯-奔驰产品在华总销量贡献度超过70%,继续引领中国豪华车市场快速增长。

  北京现代受非经营性因素影响较大,全年实现乘用车销售78.5万辆,市场份额3.5%。通过积极应对,三季度起北京现代销量环比表现连续优于大盘,销量触底回升,重回主流车企阵营。

  北京汽车昨天发布的另一份公告称,为进一步优化公司业务结构及资产配置、提升盈利能力,公司拟将威旺业务与相关资产出售给公司控股股东北汽集团及其附属公司。目前公司正在与北汽集团就出售方案及交易细节进行密切磋商。

责任编辑:黄建华

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